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ABS 362

 Code: ABS 362

  Country: India (Kurkihar, Bihar)

  Style: Late Pala Style

  Date: 1000 - 1100

  Dimensions in cm WxHxD: 8.8 x 12.5 x 4.5

  Materials: Bronze, inset with rubies

Avalokiteshvara Padmapani (the lotus holder) is a bodhisattva that embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. He is the one of the most revered bodhisattvas in Mahayana Buddhism.
He is seated in the attitude of ease (lalitasana) on a double lotus pedestal. A lotus flower (padma) blooms next to his left shoulder. He wears princely ornaments: a necklace with a pendant, and ornaments on both upper arms. In the manner of Indian ascetics, he wears his hair knotted in a matted crown (jatamukuta).

Bodhisattvas have generated bodhicitta (the mind of enlightenment), and vowed to help all sentient beings until each and every one is free from suffering. Bodhisattvas can live incarnated in this world or dwell in a subtle body in the realm of sambogakaya, where they can be reached through meditation. Bodhisattvas are also named “the Buddhas lions”. Bodhisattvas put into practise the six basic paramitas (virtues): charity, morality, patience, effort, concentration and wisdom (dana, sila, ksanti, verya, dhyana and prajna) and the four paramitas which derive from the basic ones: skillfull means, vows, power and knowledge (upaya, pranidhana, bala and jnana). Among the many, there are eight great or divine bodhisattvas. In the Nispanna Yogavali of Mahapandita Abhayakara Gupta three sets of sixteen bodhisattvas are mentioned.